#8 What is Macuilinity?

One of the items listed by Dr.D’Haeseleer about women in present-day China mentioned the patriarchal education of boys that teaches boys to be “real men”. So what exactly is the definition of a “real man”?  The Male Role Norms Inventory (MRNI), which “measures seven theoretically derived norms of traditional masculinity ideology: Avoidance of Femininity, Fear and Hatred of […]

#Additional Resources: Statistical vs Practical Significance

Statistical significance suggests a mathematical difference, but the practical significance means the underlying effect size of such differences and would actually influence clinical and political decision-making. Many people neglect the practical significance when interpreting researches about gender differences, and further re-enforce gender norms and stereotypes. Thus, we should be mindful of the practical significance when […]

#4 Female Cautiousness in a Patriarchal Society

Ban Zhao’s “Instructions for Women” suggested that women should stay humble in order to survive. From a sociocultural perspective, the subordinate groups would have to make an effort to accommodate the dominant groups, whereas the dominant groups would not need to understand or care about the subordinate groups. Also, many gender differences are the results of sociocultural influences. Many […]

#3 Female and Medical Science

There are differences in the diagnosis process for men and women using Traditional Chinese Medicine and the gender barriers and traditional female virtues often times caused the inefficiency in women’s treatment. Although some occupations that specialized in female treatments partially compensated male doctors’ roles, having more female doctors is still crucial for the well being for […]

Female Consciousness in Chinese History

浅论我国古代女子之社会地位 In the primitive society, women had a high social status because they had the reproduction ability, yet they had approximately the same subsistence productivity as men did. The idea of marriage was not formed yet and  “people know their mothers but not fathers”. In the Pre-Qin Period, with the emerging of the agriculture and […]